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1.The aircraft carrier Enterprise queen of the Seas

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In the middle of May, the defence minister Veselin Bliznakov, the head of General Staff of the Bulgarian armed forces gen. Nikola Kolev, representatives from different Bulgarian institutions and the American Embassy in Sofia , visit the American atom aircraft carrier Enterprise in the Mediterranean Sea . The visit is at the invitation of Admiral Harry Ulrich, commanding the Joint Forces of NATO in Naples and the American Naval Forces in Europe .

The Bulgarian delegation flies off from Sofia in 9,45 o'clock in the morning with a transportation airplane C 9 Skytrain. Everybody is excited from the forthcoming meeting with the first in the history atomic aircraft - carrier. In the first part of the flight over Greece , the hosts from the American Embassy present the most facts in the interesting facts about the construction of Enterprise and tell about/share the most remarkable moments in its biography. In fact, this is the longest and highest aircraft carrier, they stress. With displacement from 89 600 t, length 335 , 64 m, width with flight deck 75,6 m and height from the keel to the clotic 76,21 m, it justifies the expectations of John Connolly's words, the public secretary of the navy, which he pronounced during the ceremony for the launching on the water: The new Enterprise will become queen of the seas.

Some of our hosts remind that a godmother of the ship is U. B. Frankie, who breaks a bottle of champagne on the board and gives to the presents a special emission of silver and bronze medals with a notable inscription 24.09.1960: shipyard Newport News , Virginia . Enterprise first atomic aircraft carrier and biggest warship in the world. Of course, The queen of the seas is only one of its nicknames, add the hosts. They share with a smile on their faces: Well known as The great Enterprise or Big E; this nick is written on its deck house, and its motto is The first and the best.

The flight with C9 Skytrain continues. We arrive in Naples in 10:30 o'clock local time. Admiral Harry Ulrich meets us, makes a short welcoming speech and underlines the good cooperation in the military sphere between USA and Bulgaria . After a conference, on questions about the aviation safety for the forthcoming flight over Italy and the Adriatic Sea , the official guests receive helmets and saving vests. Later, we board on a transportation airplane C2 Greyhound from the group of VRC 40 (Naval squadron for logistics and maintenance), navigated by Sharon Stanton and we land on Enterprise in 12 o'clock local time.

Kaloyan Pancheliev

 

2. Hemus 2006

 

One of the most discussed themes on the 7 th exhibition for defense technologies was about the Bulgarian Naval Forces. While expecting the final of the courvette tender/program and the star of few smaller projects as Ekran, the leading European companies interested in this sphere, presented their newest products and services. Undoubtfully, the breaking news in Hemus 2006 was the willingness of Gruzia to order two courvettes from GOWIND type, which should be built and implemented in Bulgaria. The condition is to start the new courvette program for the Bulgarian naval forces and the french company Armaris which took the first place, chosen by the auction commission, to implement it. The condition is to start this new courvette program and the company which is classified at first place by an auction commission should implement it. The first place was for the Armaris company.Having in mind the fact that the program is controlled by the president Saakashvillie and a gruzinian naval deligation leaded by head of the navy stuff captain I rang Edem Djakobia visited the exhibition Hemus 2006, makes people assume the intentions of the gruzian republic as a serious one. In a rection, its competitors, the companies classified at second Lurssen , and third place Blom and Vos, gathered their power and work over their idea to modify the german naval force courvettes K130, in order to meet the requirements of the Bulgariian Naval Forces. ATLAS electronics, which is one of the leading producers of sonars, military systems, heavy torpedoes and VTMIS systems, are traditionally interested in the courvette program, but this time their attention was attracted and by other ptograms, as ECRAN, Aeromaritime (communication systems and antennas) and Thales Netherlands (complex military and informational systems, radars). The participation for first time of leading and major companies as Eurotorp (a leader in the production of light torpedoes); ITT (integrated communication and commanding systems) and of the french Ixsea (marine communications), shows that Bulgaria is considered as a promising member of NATO and as a potential market. In the exhibition presented the Russian company Zaria (diesel generators) and the ukranian Salut (turbines and diesel engines for see going vessels). As usually, the Bulgarians participated with producers as Black Sea (radars and systems for VTC) and IMET BAN (which presented modern systems for security and defence of the harbors). The project is prepared by NATO and the Bulgarian scientists created and are in a position to start producing unique sensors, mini and complete systems from first class parameters.

Admiral Benoa de la Bin, naval counsellor of Armaris:

Mr. admiral, you have great experience as a commander of surface ships. What requirements they should cover after the Cold War (CW) is over and in the beginning of the XXI th century?

In the end of the cold war, a bigger part of the navy were built with the experience people had in the end of the Second World War including a new a factor nuclear weapons and power plants. Although new weapon systems have been developed, in the end of the CW the model of the ships was identical with that of ships 30 years ago. The end of XX century discovered new phenomenon the forming of international coalitions, not only military, but also political. As a result the new ships were designed so that to be able to participate in peaceful missions with a coalition format. The disasters with the cunami waves in south eastern Asia showed that most successfully and faster helped the warships, because the only possible way to help the victims of the disaster is by air and by sea. Another important factor are the asymetric and terroristic acts of terrorism on which we should react immediately. This is descripition of the new type of vessels that are needed - they should be turbine in order to develop high speed for quick reactions; they should be multifunctional because when you are already on the seaside and if the situation change quickly, people should be prepared for action or to react. There should be a heavy system for communication and a helicoper (bordowi). The former is needed to guarantee operative compatibility, while the latter seems to be a very useful mean for possible missions. On the board of the ship, the working conditions for the crew should be at a high level be good which will make them stay after the first contract is over. There are two ways in which the expenditures for maintainance during the life cycle could be decreased. The first is through lowering the expenditures for salaries by decreasing the number of the members of the crew. The second is by increasing the readiness for action in comparison with the pwriod of the end of the CW, when the level of readiness for action was 67 %, today it is about 75 %, while the French Naval Forces stake even more on their new ships. This requires new type of maintance. In s hortly said, these are the requirements the ships of the XXI century should cover.

Modern technologies enabled affordable for the new courvettes to be well armed and with good equipment just like as those of the frigates had recently. What do the courvettes GOWIND of the naval forces offer?

You are right about that. For smaller Naval Forces, which won't dispose of a great number of ships is very important to have a small variety of vessels, in order to optimize its maintainance. First, GOWIND offer an oppurtuity for a long staying in the sea, for more that 300 days in an year. Second, they may operate in peace while working over crisis and in military actions.

GOWIND offer excellent conditions for rest and work for the crew, which is of a great importance nowadays. In the command center, the consoles are similar to the highes degree to those in the civil life. The purpose is to make young people, who have been used to work with a computer, to work with the same interface person- machine and after they retire to be able to use the acquired knowledge for their future realization. During military actions the security and defense on board are very significant of a great importance. In this respect, the courvettes GOWIND satisfy the modern and strict conditions both - of the french naval forces and of NATO.

Horst Vietchel, managing director of sales for Europe in Lurssen Werft

The requirements to the corvettes have changed vastly for the past several years. What can Lurssen offer, concerning the design of the equipment?

It is true that there are significant changes which are the result of the changing threats. For example the assymetric threats, acts of terrorism and last but not least the illegal traffic. Lurssen is one of the first who pay attention to theose threats and stresses on the importance to oppose to them. Two years ago, on the AFCEA conference in Dofia I made a presentation on that topic. What we offer are new technologies for electronic opposition, small bore weapons.

Lurssen delievered 3 patrole cutters for National security Boundary Police and Germany gave 3 older cutters, which were also produced by your company. What do you ensure for their maintanance and what are your plans for the future?

Yes, that is true, we won two contracts, the first one was for 2 28 m cutters, which we delievered in 2003, and the second for one cutter which we delievered in 2005. In that period, Bulgaria received as a donation three patrole cutters, produced by Lurssen , because there was and international agreement. They are 30 years old, but are preserved and in a very good condition because are built (kachestveno) and are kept in a good condition in repair with the help of the company through their whole life. So, your Boundary police have many operative vessels. As it concerns a regard to the future, we expect the competition for 2 28 m very fast cutters, as here on the Hemus exhibition we present a miniature model of our cutter. Its speed is about 40 knots and it will permit to the Boundary police catch ships, boats and all kinds of offenders.

 

Dimitur Stavrev

 

3. Marine and Water transportation until the year of 2015

 

The national seminar within the framework of the project ENCOMAR - TRANSPORT was held in the festival cultural center in Varna on 30.05.2006.

 

The seminar was organized from the Scientific and technical union (STU) of transport in Bulgaria in cooperation with the Ministry of transport, the federation of STU in Bulgaria and the territorial organization (TO) of STU Varna in cooperation with the state enterprise (SE) Harbour infrastructure, Navigation Maritime Bulgare and Bulgarian River Shipping Ruse. It was held within the frameworks of the ENCOMAR - TRANSPORT project, financed by the Sixth Framework Programme (FP 6 ) of the European Union (EU), which purpose is to smooth the relationships between the member states of the EU and the countries applicants, in the field of the marine transportation including to support the integration of the new member states, the applicants, Russia, Ukraine and Turkey in the field of the marine industry; to increase the level of European competition in the sector through technical advantages. The project includes 4 areas: shipbuilding, ship remedial and production of ship equipment; water transport in Europe Baltic, Mediterranean and Black sea, the northern way and the big European rivers and paying special attention to the intermodal transportation communication; marine safety, especially focused on the transportation of dangerous goods by sea; effective transport of marine and other natural resources (including oil and gas).

The forum, inaugurate d by the president of the board of managers of the STU Sofia Kiril Ermenkov, grouped together representatives of the Ministry of transportation, state companies, educational, research and scientific institutions, branch organizations and specialists in the field of the water transport.

Valentin Lubomirov

 

 

 

 

4. Time charters or the apple of discord

Ships are rendered on market prices shows a report of Public internal financial control agency

During the last few years (and especially months) Ԕ is consistently criticized. In order to solve the problem, on 06.06.06 the guidance of Navy Bulgar organized special conference.

The president of the board of directors Krassimira Stoyanova (an employee of the Ministry of transport) and the general director of Steaming Navi Bulgare ... high seas navigation captain Hristo Donev participated in the conference. It was dedicated to the report of public internal financial control agency and is considered as an end of the two monthly verification for the national marine carter. It was in th e period 01.01.2004 31.12.2005. One of its goals is to set the conformity of the law, the reliability and the regularity of the accountancy. As another goal is considered the conformity of the law of the collecting, keeping, controlling, spending and determining the property of the company.

, , , . The main reason for completing the renting of ships with contracts for time charters through the last years.

Valentin Lubomirov

 

5. Breeze for eleventh time

 

The annual national naval practice with international participation Breeze 2006 is held in the period 28.06 08.07 under the guidance of the commanding rear admiral Minko Kavaldjiev ( a vice head rear admiral Plamen Manushev) of the honors of the Naval station Varna . Its logo: Participation in operation as an answer of crisis with authorization by OON. This event is an extension of the series of drills, held from 2003 on, by a common annually developing script, which includes new elements and it becomes more open to state, non governmental and social organizations, and to the state companies in the marine business. USA participate in the military exercise with a ship of the coastal security Northland and a plane of the land base naval aviation, Greece participate with a rocket cutter, Turkey - with frigate Barbados and submarine Batiray and France with mine sweeper Keprikon. Except those countries, officers from the naval forces of Spain and Ukraine are working in the staff of the operatively union. In the first stage of the military exercise is attracted the mine sweeper union of NATO in Mediterranean Sea with a Flemish ship - the Turkish steering ship Gaazi Hasan Pasha and mine sweepers from Germany, Italy, Greece, Spain and Turkey. The head of the coastal staff for control over the military exercise is Captain Konstantin Popov and commander of the tactical union by sea is captain Rumen Nikolov, who is also the commander of the coastal base in Varna . Flemish ships of the union are the frigate Smeli . Bulgaria is presented by the participation of 2 frigates, 2 corvettes, 6 mine sweepers, 2 middle and 1 little landing ship, 2 rocket cutters, 4 big auxiliary ships and 6 cutters, a helicopter and groups for insurance. In the military exercise are also attracted more Air Force (airplanes and operative groups), Military Police, National Security Boundary Police (2 cutters), National Agency for refugees of the Council of Ministers, Marine and Harbor Administration, National Fishing Agency , Red Cross , National Service Fire and breakdown security , BMF ( towboat and a ship for coastwise navigation , Varna Harbour (coordination group).

Breeze 2006 is divided into 4 phases: trainings and exercises in base conditions (29.06 02.07); previous conferencing and practices (03.06); episodes by sea (04 - 04.07); preliminary analysis and leaving the harbour (08-09.07). The marine part is divided into two. The first one is dedicated to anti mining operations, and the ships from the permanent group of NATO and the ships from the secondly formed anti mining tactical group participate and sail until 05.07. In the second part of the military exercise, all other ships take part in anti mining operations, seeking and finding a submarine, tactical manoeuvring, handing in and out freights while sailing, tugging, and control over the navigation which includes checking of a ship violator of the embargo to one of the fictitiously created countries on an island in the Black Sea . Gunneries towards air objects, signalling and other individual skills are included in the program. On the last day of the exercise by sea (07.07) VIP guests are able to see demonstration of giving first aid to a ship in a disastrous situation, struggler with mining threat, seeking and rescuing, an anti aircraft defense for joining, control over shipping and gunneries. A centre, for receiving visitors who need protection, giving first aid to the population during natural calamities and other disasters, is working on the sea shore. New opportunities for cooperative military commission, with purpose to achieve common solutions from the countries, participate in the conflict for its peaceful solving is developing at the moment.

Valentin Lubomirov

 

6. OHRA celebrated its 55 anniversary

 

The 55 th anniversary of the division ships with a subsidiary purpose was celebrated on the 2 nd of June this year. The vice commander of the naval forces rare admiral Plamen Manushev , commander of the naval base of Varna captain Rumen Nikolov, ex commanders of the same section and many veterans, representatives of divisions and stations of the garrison of Varna, the General Staff of the Bulgarian Army , staff of the fleet, the staff of the base and the tools for mass communication participated in the celebration of this important event.

V.Dimitrov

7. Patrol ships and corvettes by Lurssen Werft (Lurssen)

 

Grounded in Bremen ( Germany ), Fr. Lurssen Werft ( Lurssen ) Company has a leading position and guides an international group of military and civil shipyards with about 1300 staff, as a greater part of them are engineers and highly qualified employees. Since its creation in 1875, Lurssen is a private company, headed by the members of the Lurssen family. Its business philosophy is to be independent in order to be able to guarantee to their clients the opportunity to choose freely the equipment and the systems on board of the ships. As an important actor on the shipbuilding market, through the years Lurssen had built over 450 vessels for the needs of Naval Forces and other state institutions all over the world. One third of them are built by guiding license and receiving technical support from Lurssen in the shipyards of the countries clients. On the basis of its international reputation in the realm of design and production of high quality ships, Lurssen also possesses great experience in the integration of highly technological sensors, military systems and even of ships with limited size. With regard to the ocean patrol vessels (OPV) and at the moment Lurssen concentrates its efforts over several perspective projects with length from 50 m to 90 m. One of the projects is for OPV with length 75 m, displacement from 1300 t, highest speed 30 knots and when it is on economy speed its range is from 3000 nm. OPV is projected for observation and assurance to the marine safety within the Extraordinary Economy Zone (up to 200 nm). Lurssen was also strongly booked in the program for building of the German frigates F124 type. Those ships are designed for a distinct anti aircraft defence and protection of the coalition operative ship groups. These ships are the biggest vessels of the German Forces their length is 143 m, displacement is 5600 t, and their highest speed is 29 knots. Lurssen 's participation and delivery of the fore section with length 70 m for the three ships.

As a part of the running processes in transforming the German naval forces, at the moment a new type of frigate is elaborated and projected by the consortium ARGE F 125, in which Lurssen and TKMS participate as partners equal in value. The project documentation is ready and had been delivered to the German MO in December 2005. It is expected the contract for the building to be signed in 2006. The new frigates F 125 type are with a special design and they are projected to take part in peaceful operations and managing in crisis situations on a distinct point from the territorial waters and from the station grounding. The criteria for the projection are based on the new conceptions for the human resources management and for the automatic removal of damages which are put, and for opportunities for management of coalition and team work operations. A higher degree of vital stability and protection from asymmetric threats are guaranteed.

Dimitur Stavrev

8. Marine News

1. In the period 09 11.06 in Varna was held the sixth consecutive competition with sailing boats Challenge young sailors. There were 11 teams, divided into groups by age. The competition included different disciplines, which afforded an opportunity to the participants to test out their knowledge and preparation. The competition was challenging but there was a fair play.

After generalization of the results, the judicial commission, under the chairmanship of cap. Stefan Metodiev pointed as winner the team of AEC Kozlodui, with leader Valentin Terziev. The team becomes a winner, takes first place for fifth consecutive time in the competition with sailing boats. The second place was for the first team of the Bulgarian Naval Academy with a leader Dimitiur Dimitrov and the third place took the second team of the Naval Academy with a leader Petko Petkov. The president of the foundation Young sailors - Admiral Hristo Konrtov gave honorary diplomas and cups to the winners.

2. Svetlio Georgiev, who is the last year's winner for the best yacht achievement, landed today in 17 o'clock in front of the yacht club Georgi Gorgiev, after seven months sailing with his yacht "Sunny Queen" in the Atlantic Ocean and in the Mediterranean Sea .

D.Koichev

9. The diving computers

Many of the instructors are using submarine computers and assume them as very important part of the diving equipment, but a greater part of them miss the opportunity to present the advantages of the electronic technology to the new divers. The time needed for training with the diving tables is precious, but the truth is that a short discussion with the neophyte , about the computers, is absolutely enough in order to make a comparison between the two methods for controlling the submarine profiles.

I. Dimitrov

 

10. Marine business In hundred days: Galeon Restaurant

From the end of the last/past summer, the newest ship restaurant Mr. Baba is raising in a central and very important place for all Varna citizens. It lies on a concrete foundation/base/bedding directly in the sand.

Actually the Galeon is built in 100 days. If its process of building passes through the hearts, minds and hands of about 60 70 p eople , it is obligatory/desirable to point out/ mention the names of few of them: Marin Mitev - for the ambitious idea and energy, Milen Stefanov - for organizing the construction, together with the naval architect Krasimir Baev.

 

You can read more in this issue:

- L421 new multifunctional ship for the New Zealand fleet

- a giant tramaram in focus Triton's bigger brother rose the spirits

- the katamaran Imor Poland acquired a small vessel for researching the Baltic sea coast

- The second life of battleship USS monitor

- Breaking to the center of the Earth A ship drill will reach to the core

- shipbuilding history fighting steamship

- name of the board - Ohio

 

 

 
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